How Jesus Received His Authority to Became Lord
If you say (confess, actually) Jesus is Lord, God will save you. This statement suggests several questions. What does it mean that Jesus is Lord? Furthermore, how did he become Lord?
Strongs says the Greek word for lord is kurios, ku/rioß, which means: supreme in authority, i.e. (as noun) controller; by implication, Master (as a respectful title).
So Jesus has authority, i.e., he rules. However, God gave him authority; he does not rule of his own volition. Unlike the usurper, the devil, which deceived Eve and brought along Adam who foolishly followed his wife, Jesus gained his authority legally.
Being the firstborn son brings several benefits, among them being heir to the land or estate unless otherwise determined and becoming the patriarch of the family at the death of the father. Abraham and Sarahs legal firstborn, Isaac became heir and patriarch after Abraham, and Isaacs firstborn continued the line. Things become a bit unclear with Jacob, Israel, with all the different wives and the like. In some cases, the firstborn lives a disreputable life and become written out of the will, perhaps like Adam being replaced with Noah and others. Nonetheless, the general principle lies with the firstborn as primary heir.
An heir receives not only the manor but also authority over the servants who are part of the estate. Being the firstborn does have certain advantages and responsibilities as well.
Deut. 21:15 If a man has two wives, the one loved and the other unloved, and both the loved and the unloved have borne him sons, if the firstborn son belongs to the unloved,
Deut. 21:16 then it shall be in the day he wills what he has to his sons, he cannot make the son of the loved the firstborn before the son of the unloved, who is the firstborn.
Psa. 89:26 He will cry to Me, You are my Father,
My God, and the rock of my salvation.
Psa. 89:27 I also shall make him My firstborn,
The highest of the kings of the earth.
2Chr. 21:3 Their father gave them many gifts of silver, gold and precious things, with fortified cities in Judah, but he gave the kingdom to Jehoram because he was the firstborn.
By power of the Spirit and the Word of God, Jesus became the first-born Son of God by nature. However, being the firstborn did not necessarily make Jesus heir for God called many His children. Yet, the first step in Jesus primogeniture was being the firstborn of the Spirit and the Word. While God formed Adam, the first human, from the clay of the earth, he refuted his inheritance when he degraded himself and much of the human race by electing a counterfeit god and ruler.
Rom. 8:29 For those whom He foreknew, He also predestined to be-come conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren;
Col. 1:15 ¶ He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation.
Heb. 1:5 ¶ For to which of the angels did He ever say,
YOU ARE MY SON,
TODAY I HAVE BEGOTTEN YOU?
I WILL BE A FATHER TO HIM
AND HE SHALL BE A SON TO ME?
Heb. 1:6 And when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says,
AND LET ALL THE ANGELS OF GOD WORSHIP HIM.
God commanded that the firstborn of Israel and believers be given to God and redeemed, i.e., be transferred to Him. Furthermore, the firstborn would be called holy to the Lord. Even as God gave Israel this command, He also prophesized, by this, the holiness of His future Son, as well as his redemptive role.
Ex. 13:13 and every firstborn of man among your sons you shall redeem.
Ex. 22:29 ¶ You shall not delay the offering from your harvest and your vintage. The firstborn of your sons you shall give to Me.
Luke 2:23 (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, EVERY first-born MALE THAT OPENS THE WOMB SHALL BE CALLED HOLY TO THE LORD),
Rev. 1:5 and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To Him who loves us and released us from our sins by His blood
1Cor. 1:9 God is faithful, through whom you were called into fel-lowship with His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord.
Heritage and Actions
In Judaism there is the idea of the children of God based not on nature but on Gods election and mans action. Whoever acts righteously is a son of God (Wis. 2:18; cf. Matt. 5:9; Hos. 1:10 ff.MT 2:1 ff.).
The attitude of Greek antiquity towards the child underwent various changes. In the closely knit and ordered society of the city-state children (above all sons) were the pride of the family. They were a welcome help at work and inherited the honour and the duties of their father. NIDNTT
Twice God thundered from the heavens and said that Jesus was His much-loved Son who pleased Him. What did Jesus do to receive this honorific? The first time Jesus allowed John to baptize him as a symbol burial and resurrection, and as an example to his followers to do as he did. What Jesus did pleased God.
Later, Jesus brought a few of his disciples to the mount to give them a glimpse of the Kingdom of God. Here, the Apostles saw Jesus talking to Moses and Elijah. Dramatically, Jesus face shone as the sun, his eyes like fire and his clothes bleached white. For this presentation and insight into the Kingdom of God, God was greatly pleased.
Matt. 17:5 While he was still speaking, a bright cloud overshadowed them, and behold, a voice out of the cloud said, This is My beloved Son, with whom I am well-pleased; listen to Him!
After his baptism and Gods announcing His pleasure of His sons performance, the Spirit led Jesus to be tempted in the wilderness.
If Jesus was second person of the trinity, a god incarnated, he could not be tempted, except in appearance because a god, even in a human skin could easily overcome the lowly fleshy allurements. So, when the Spirit led Jesus into the wilderness to be tempted, a god incarnate would have no trouble ignoring the enticements. He was a god before and would be a god again, regardless of whatever the devil could lure him with. Therefore, for a god incarnate, these enticements would be meaningless. However, Jesus was human and subject to human frailties and desires. For Jesus, these temptations were real and extremely strong.
Heb. 2:18 For since He Himself was tempted in that which He has suffered, He is able to come to the aid of those who are tempted.
Heb. 4:15 For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin.
First, after fasting Jesus was hungry and the devil tempted Jesus by telling him to turn stones into bread. He was so hungry and could easily succumb to the devils suggestion and to an abuse of his power. However, Jesus found a way out of the temptation, Gods Word, which supercedes even our need for food.
Matt. 4:1 ¶ Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil.
Matt. 4:2 And after He had fasted forty days and forty nights, He then became hungry.
Matt. 4:3 And the tempter came and said to Him, If You are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.
Matt. 4:4 But He answered and said, It is written, MAN SHALL NOT LIVE ON BREAD ALONE, BUT ON EVERY WORD THAT PROCEEDS OUT OF THE MOUTH OF GOD.
Again, the devil tempts Jesus to abuse his power. He tells him to show how he could jump off the temple and still be saved by com-manding angels to save him. Using scripture again, Jesus explains that we ought not to put ourselves in jeopardy just to get God to save us. Each time the devil tries to get Jesus to stray from Gods Word and Commands, Jesus remains true to his Father in heaven.
Matt. 4:5 ¶ Then the devil *took Him into the holy city and had Him stand on the pinnacle of the temple,
Matt. 4:6 and *said to Him, If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down; for it is written,
HE WILL COMMAND HIS ANGELS CONCERNING YOU; and
ON their HANDS THEY WILL BEAR YOU UP,
SO THAT YOU WILL NOT STRIKE YOUR FOOT AGAINST A STONE.
Matt. 4:7 Jesus said to him, On the other hand, it is written, YOU SHALL NOT PUT THE LORD YOUR GOD TO THE TEST.
To rule, to be king, to control the world was very much in the mind of Jesus. He knew what he would have to suffer to become the Lord of Lords. Now the devil the current ruler of the Earth offers him that authority, which he could. This was the greatest temptation for him. But, his loyalty to his father, his profound dedication to his Fathers will overwhelmed this counterfeit promise of the devil. And, immediately, Jesus said he would rather worship Our Father in Heaven than bow down to this pretender to the throne and adversary to the One Ruler of the heavens and Earth. All authority must come from God, for while some my pay obeisance to the devils, they worship a false deity and deceiver. God never gave any authority to the devil; it usurped it by deceiving mankind into installing it as Earths god and ruler. People can elect whatever to rule them, but only God has authority and will confer some authority on whom He determines.
Matt. 4:8 ¶ Again, the devil *took Him to a very high mountain and *showed Him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory;
Matt. 4:9 and he said to Him, All these things I will give You, if You fall down and worship me.
Matt. 4:10 Then Jesus *said to him, Go, Satan! For it is written, YOU SHALL WORSHIP THE LORD YOUR GOD, AND SERVE HIM ONLY.
Matt. 4:11 Then the devil *left Him; and behold, angels came and began to minister to Him.
Jesus was the first human to refuse to bow down to the demon, the first to obey God alone and fully, the first to be totally loyal. Based on Jesus defeating the devils best deceptions, he became the foremost candidate to receive authority from God.
However, you may say, did not God say, This is my beloved son. Jesus tussle with the devil was the second of three challenges Jesus had to face. The first was his allowing John to baptized him, and thereby, Jesus sets the example for his followers. He prophesizes that those baptized will be buried as he would and be raised from that watery grave as he would be raised from his grave. He, further, demonstrates that baptism would be an appeal for a free conscience, which Our Father in Heaven immediately endorses by declaring Jesus as His son.
1Pet. 3:21 Corresponding to that, baptism now saves younot the removal of dirt from the flesh, but an appeal to God for a good consciencethrough the resurrection of Jesus Christ,
Eph. 1:19 and what is the surpassing greatness of His power toward us who believe. These are in accordance with the working of the strength of His might
Eph. 1:20 which He brought about in Christ, when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places,
Eph. 1:21 far above all rule and authority and power and domin-ion, and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come.
Eph. 1:22 And He put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him as head over all things to the church,
Eph. 1:23 which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all.
The Last Temptation
Jesus proved that his mind contained the same level of linguistic purity as Gods language. Furthermore, Jesus deeds, his body language, maintained the highest moral intensity commensurate with Gods deeds. However, God, as Jesus well knew, wanted even more from him. Jesus was perfect in word and deed, but this fell short of Our Father in Heavens plan for his son.
That Passover night Jesus prayed with a fervor beyond anything known to mankind. He sweated blood because he knew the excruciating pain and horrid death that awaited him. So, why should he bother? He committed no sin and needed no torture and death. For the first time in his thirty-three odd years, he would cease to exist no breath, no sight, no sound, nothing. What could be worse for the first human who should not die for sins he never committed.
Writers have examined this last temptation over the years. Nikos Kazanzakis. wrote a novel a half century ago about what if Jesus decided not to die for our sins, but instead have a family. (I have not seen the film based on the book; so I do not know how close it stayed to the original novel.) This Greek writer had a good grasp of human nature as he wrote, among many other works, Zorba, the Greek and the epic poem, the Odyssey, a Modern Sequel. Therefore, we, too, can grasp the thoughts and emotions facing Jesus as he prayed in the garden that Passover night. His last temptation probably was not the pagan imaginings of Kazanakis. In the end, both in Kazanzakis novel and in the real world, Jesus allowed himself to be executed for our sins and overwhelming conquered that last temptation, to live after his resurrection without ever dying again.
Clearly, Our Father in Heaven was overjoyed at his sacrifice, and we are ecstatic because he freed us from sin, sickness and death. Then Jesus is proclaimed the Son of God by his righteous actions.
Rom. 1:4 who was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead, according to the Spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord,
Brought forth by the Word of Truth
A few, a very few of those in absolute authority actual wield their power in a manner to rule their citizens with lovingkindness. Most use their power to oppress. Jesus, however, because he earned the right to rule by his awesome deeds, rules the Church now with the kind of compassion and understanding few leaders could approximate because they never overcame the same kind of temptations we are subjected to that Jesus conquered.
So, Gods Language encompassed Jesus in word and deed. And by the power intrinsic in Gods Language, as a consequence of Jesus deeds, God enables us to be born again as the first fruits like Jesus. This Word not only has the power to create a universe and beget a son, but also bring forth others empowered by the Word.
James 1:18 In the exercise of His will He brought us forth by the word of truth, so that we would be a kind of first fruits among His creatures.
1Pet. 1:23 for you have been born again not of seed which is perish-able but imperishable, that is, through the living and enduring word of God.
John 1:14 ¶ And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth.
Equality with God (in locus parentis)
So, Our Father in Heaven entrusted the precious lives of believers to His Son, not only made in His image but also behaved as one made in His image. Our Father in Heaven is Our Father, and the firstborn of the Father can and will act on Our Father in Heavens behalf for the good of those chosen by Him.
Jesus led the way and opened the door for our inheritance. Our Father in Heaven protects believers by His loving power of His Word. Our Father in Heaven enabled believers to be saved through His Son. Later, when Jesus comes to rule all on Earth, those saved will have the same glorified appearance he demonstrated at the so-called transfiguration.
1Pet. 1:3 ¶ Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
1Pet. 1:4 to obtain an inheritance which is imperishable and undefiled and will not fade away, reserved in heaven for you,
1Pet. 1:5 who are protected by the power of God through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
Phil. 2:6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped,
Phil. 2:7 but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men.
Phil. 2:8 And being found in human form he humbled himself and became obedient unto death, even death on a cross.
Form: 3444. morfh/ morphe, mor-fay´; perhaps from the base of 3313 (through the idea of adjustment of parts); shape; figuratively, nature:
Was in: 5225. uJpa¿rcw huparcho, hoop-ar´-kho; from 5259 and 756; to begin under (quietly), i.e. come into existence (be present or at hand); expletively, to exist (as copula or subordinate to an adjective, participle, adverb or preposition, or as an auxiliary to a principal (verb):
God gave Jesus all authority because he was His begotten son, the firstborn. We use the word primogeniture to define a first-borns legal right to his fathers estate. However, just being the firstborn does not bind a father to give him the estate because he may be unworthy to receive this benefit. Jesus, then, further proved his worthiness by his words and deeds: his baptism, his refuting the devils temptations, and his overcoming the last temptation to avoid an unspeakably hideous death. He was born a Son of God, and, perhaps more importantly, earned the right to receive all authority from God by his awesome deeds.