The Raqia, Day Two


Gen. 1:6 ¶ Then God said, “Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.”
Gen. 1:7 God made the expanse, and separated the waters which were below the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so.

Over the years, we have let the Bible teach us things that most people do not or choose not to understand. In each lesson learned from the Bible, we chose to believe what it said instead of believing in what we see or what society, religion and science say in contradiction to God’s Word.

God made the Earth the center of His Creation, for after saying that God made the heavens and the earth, He said the Earth was tohu and bohu, formless and void. From this formless void, God formed the Earth into what it is now.

Remember, God’s ruach --— Spirit, breath, wind — hovered over the surface of the Earth’s waters, mayim. Then God commanded light into existence. After separating light from darkness, He called it a day — evening and morning — day one.

2Pet. 3:5 For when they maintain this, it escapes their notice that by the word of God the heavens existed long ago and the earth was formed out of water and by water.

Peter notes that God formed the Earth out of water and by water. Water contains two important elements, hydrogen (two parts) and oxygen. Hydrogen is made up of a protein and an electron. One web site says, “Hydrogen is estimated to make up more than 90% of all the atoms — three quarters of the mass of the universe! This element is found in the stars, and plays an important part in the powering the universe through both proton-proton reaction and carbon-nitrogen cycle. Stellar hydrogen fusion processes release massive amounts of energy by combining hydrogen to form helium…Hydrogen gas is so light that, uncombined, hydrogen will gain enough velocity from collisions with other gases that they will quickly be ejected from the atmosphere. On earth, hydrogen occurs chiefly in combination with oxygen in water, but it is also present in organic matter such as living plants, petroleum, coal, etc. It is present as the free element in the atmosphere, but only less than 1 ppm by volume. The lightest of all gases, hydrogen combines with other elements -- sometimes explosively - to form compounds.” http://periodic.lanl.gov/elements/1.html

On the second day, God separated the waters of the Earth by using an expanse (raqia). It is important to emphasize that the waters separated were on the Earth, initially. While we are told the Earth is a result of billions of years of evolution, the Bible says God separated the waters on Earth to the waters above the expanse.

God commanded an expanse, a raqia meaning in Hebrew to overlay (like with thin sheets of metal): to separate the waters. The waters below from which the land would be separated and the waters above, both the humidity and clouds in the atmosphere and the waters of the heavens, Hebrew, shamayim, a compound word with water (Hebrew, mayim, more on this later) as part of the word. The raqia, translated as expanse has the sense of a screen as well — a transparent screen that we can see through it. Science considers the expanse as some sort of vacuous ether filled with cosmic rays and other energy, while the Bible has the expanse as a metallic-like screen or thin sheets to which, apparently, He attached the “heavenly” bodies, such as the sun, moon and stars.

Gen. 1:6 ¶ Then God said, “Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.”
Gen. 1:7 God made the expanse, and separated the waters which were below the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so.

Whatever God made the expanse out of, some material or energy, it separates the waters on earth from the waters above the heavens. Furthermore, the raqia, appears to be expandable to some degree. Taking the layers of the atmosphere, while discrete, are not completely permanent in dimension.

7549. raqiya; from 7554; properly, an expanse, i.e. the firmament or (apparently) visible arch of the sky:
7554. raqa; a primitive root; to pound the earth (as a sign of passion); by analogy to expand (by hammering); by implication, to overlay (with thin sheets of metal):

God calls the expanse, with its various root sounds following, heaven. Why would God make the heavens like a three-dimensional material or energy screen?

Root Sounds of Raqia

7555. riqqua or riqqua [956b]; from 7554; expansion:
7556. qåq&Mac182;r raqaq [956d]; a prim. root; to spit:

Raqia has a root sound connected with riqqIua meaning expansion, which leads us to believe that there is some flexibility in this screen. Furthermore, raqia, gives us a sense of spitting, probably forcing saliva from the mouth, which could give us an idea how the raqia moved outward and perhaps the water below the heavens and above it.

7534. raq [956b]; from an unused word; thin, only, altogether, surely:

We also see the raqia as thin, thin enough, to readily see through it. The sense also is the raqia definitely, “surely,” exists.

7541 raqqah [956d]; from the same as 7534; the temple (part of the head):

From raq, we get raqqah, which is the temple part of the head, due to its thinness.

7551. raqam [955c]; a prim. root; to variegate:—embroiderer(1), skillfully wrought(1), weaver(7).

Raqam fills in the pattern of the raqia to show the complexity of this expanse, filled with patterns and color as reqem, below, says. The universe, as seen in a clear sky at night, shows the effect of the raqam.

7552.Reqem [955d]; from 7551; “having many colors,”

By the second day, the heavens, albeit without planets, satellites and stars, must have looked as it does today.

Psa. 148:4 Praise Him, highest heavens,
And the waters that are above the heavens!

From the word analysis above and what we can see in the night sky through the atmosphere and space, the raqia a translucent, if not transparent layer that allows us to see through the various layers. We, thus, can see the heavenly bodies on the layers of raqia. The solar system, and numerous layers for galaxies farther away. God named the raqia heaven, a somewhat different kind of heaven than science has observed.

2Cor. 12:2 I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago—whether in the body I do not know, or out of the body I do not know, God knows—such a man was caught up to the third heaven.

Gen. 1:8 God called the expanse heaven.

Stretched Out the Heavens

The Hebrew for “stretched” is natah, which means to:

stretch or spread out; by implication, to bend away (including moral deflection);

God did not place the expanse in its position, but stretched it out like a piece of rubber or a plastic glove over one’s hand. He alone stretched out the heaven(s). He needed no help or assistant.

Job 9:8 Who alone stretches out the heavens
And tramples down the waves of the sea;

The verse, of course, notes that there are heavens, not just one heaven, the shamayim.

Is. 42:5 ¶ Thus says God the LORD,
Who created the heavens and stretched them out,
Who spread out the earth and its offspring,
Who gives breath to the people on it
And spirit to those who walk in it,

Zech. 12:1 ¶ The burden of the word of the LORD concerning Israel. Thus declares the LORD who stretches out the heavens, lays the foundation of the earth, and forms the spirit of man within him,

The stretching out the expanse of the heavens remains so important to God that He predicates that creation with plants, animal and human life and the breath He breathes into them. He notes that He gave people His spirit to be able to understand language. The God who stretched out the heavens to give life and life more abundantly.

Is. 45:12 “It is I who made the earth, and created man upon it.
I stretched out the heavens with My hands
And I ordained all their host.

The creation of the Earth for man to live upon demands that we know the Creator stretched out the heavens, the expanse, Himself, with His hands. He ordained, that is, established the stars above by His authority.

Jer. 10:12 It is He who made the earth by His power,
Who established the world by His wisdom;
And by His understanding He has stretched out the heavens.
Jer. 51:15 ¶ It is He who made the earth by His power,
Who established the world by His wisdom,
And by His understanding He stretched out the heavens.

While God’s command created the Heavens and the Earth, the thoughts behind the Words supersede and inspire what He said. Furthermore, God’s thoughts and actions define who He is, YHVH, filled with wisdom, understanding and love by implication of the nature of the creation.

Earth Founded and Established

Job 26:7 “He stretches out the north over empty space
And hangs the earth on nothing.
Psa. 93:1 ¶ The LORD reigns, He is clothed with majesty;
The LORD has clothed and girded Himself with strength;
Indeed, the world [“inhabitable” Earth, Strong’s] is firmly established [kun], it will not be moved.
Psa. 96:10 Say among the heathen that the LORD reigneth: the world also shall be established [kun] that it shall not be moved: he shall judge the people righteously.
1Chr. 16:30 Tremble before Him, all the earth;
Indeed, the world is firmly established [kun], it will not be moved.
Jer. 10:12 ¶ It is He who made the earth by His power,
Who established [kun] the world by His wisdom;
And by His understanding He has stretched out the heavens.
Jer. 51:15 ¶ It is He who made the earth by His power,
Who established [kun] the world by His wisdom,
And by His understanding He stretched out the heavens.

Psa. 104:5 ¶ He established the earth upon its foundations,
So that it will not totter forever and ever.
Is. 45:18 ¶ For thus says the LORD, who created the heavens (He is the God who formed the earth and made it, He established [kun] it and did not create it a waste place, but formed it to be inhabited),
“I am the LORD, and there is none else.

“[Job 26:7 gives us a] hint of the true theory of the earth. Its suspension in empty space is stated in the second clause. The north in particular is specified in the first, being believed to be the highest part of the earth (Isaiah 14:13). The northern hemisphere or vault of heaven is included; often compared to a stretched-out canopy (Psalms 104:2). The chambers of the south are mentioned (Job 9:9), that is, the southern hemisphere, consistently with the earth’s globular form.” JFB

Firmly established TWOT (Theological Wordbook of Old Testament): 964 * (ku®n) established, prepared, made ready, fixed, certain, right.
Because the world is “established” (), “it cannot be moved” (Ps 93:1; 96:10; cf. 65:6 [7]). NIDOTTE

Not be moved:

1158 fwøm totter, shake, slip. TWOT

4131. mowt, mote; a primitive root; to waver; by implication , to slip, shake, fall
4132. mowt, mote; from 4131; a wavering, i.e. fall; by implication, a pole (as shaking); hence, a yoke (as essentially a bent pole):—bar, be moved, staff, yoke. Strong’s

Prov. 3:19 The LORD by wisdom founded the earth,
By understanding He established the heavens.

Founded with the sense of being fixed:

3245. yasad [413d]; a prim. root; to establish, found, fix:

The verses above, JFB, and the Hebrew word analysis say the words which must never be said, the Earth hangs, not moves — rotates or circumnavigates — in the middle of space. The north mentioned here are the heavens above the North Pole. The Earth is fixed, founded and immovable: kun, yasad, and not mowt.

Psa. 104:2 Covering Yourself with light as with a cloak,
Stretching out heaven like a tent curtain.
Is. 45:12 “It is I who made the earth, and created man upon it.
I stretched out the heavens with My hands
And I ordained all their host.
Is. 48:13 “Surely My hand founded the earth,
And My right hand spread out the heavens;
When I call to them, they stand together.
Job 38:4 “Where were you when I laid the foundation [yasad] of the earth? Tell Me, if you have understanding,

The Curtain of Raqia

3407. yriy{ah, yer-ee-aw´; from 3415; a hanging (as tremulous):
3415. yara{, yaw-rah´; a primitive root; properly, to be broken up (with any violent action) i.e. (figuratively) to fear:

There are three Heavens, as we will see.

First Heaven:

Atmosphere is made up of: troposphere, stratosphere, ionosphere, Van Allen Radiation Belt, ozone layer and magnetosphere — all distinct and separate. With one exception, whatever is in the troposphere never goes into the stratosphere or vice versa. At one time, the media reported, based on science or not, I do not know, that the refrigerant, Freon would ascend into the ozone layer and damage it. That just does not happen. There are currents which move horizontally along the surface of the Earth and arise at the equatorial region toward the upper edge of the troposphere at which point they move horizontally toward the Polar Regions. At the Polar Regions, these currents flow downward to the earth and move toward the equator. And the cycle goes on. These currents, containing any gases, do not enter the stratosphere, much less the ionosphere. Furthermore, Freon is heavier than air and its tendency is to sink into the ground, at which point, its chemistry changes to inert compounds. The only tropospheric element to enter, occasionally, the lower part of the stratosphere is a powerful thunderstorm. This is the first heaven.

Second Heaven:

While God did not create the solar system and the stellar system until the fourth day, He previously created the heavenly expanse to hang the Solar System on it. This region is more like what we consider a heaven to be like, but the Bible does call the atmosphere, the heavens, as well.

Third Heaven:

The stars make up part of the third heaven.

Psa. 19:1 The heavens are telling of the glory of God;
And their expanse is declaring the work of His hands.

God’s Throne Makes up Part of the Third Heaven

2Cor. 12:2 I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago—whether in the body I do not know, or out of the body I do not know, God knows—such a man was caught up to the third heaven.
Matt. 5:34 “But I say to you, make no oath at all, either by heaven, for it is the throne of God,
Psa. 103:19 ¶ The LORD has established [kun] His throne in the heavens, And His sovereignty rules over all.
Is. 66:1 ¶ Thus says the LORD,
“Heaven is My throne and the earth is My footstool.
Where then is a house you could build for Me?
And where is a place that I may rest?

Heaven Defined:

8064. shamayim, shaw-mah´-yim; dual of an unused singular shameh, shaw-meh´; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve):

The upper heaven is divided into two parts, the stellar system and God’s throne. The context determines which heaven the various verses are talking about.

7931. shakan, shaw-kan´; a primitive root (apparently akin (by transmission) to 7901 through the idea of lodging;
7925 shakam; to reside or permanently stay (literally or figuratively):—abide,
7934. shaken, shaw-kane´; from 7931; a resident; by extension, a fellow-citizen:

The above related word-sounds in Hebrews refer to heaven as a place of lodging, which, of course refers to God’s lodging or throne. Shakan refers to God’s throne. Shakam is God’s permanent residence. Shkan, sheken, and shaken are other root sounds that are related to heaven, shamayim, as being God’s realm.

7579. ab, sahw-ab´; a primitive root; to bale up water:

Sha’ab, also related to shamayim, means “to bale up water.”

The waters on Earth that the expanse separated from waters remaining on Earth and those above the expanse, the heavens.

The Waters above the Expanse

Gen. 1:7 God made the expanse, and separated the waters which were below the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so.

The still waters above the heavens, like any still water, will reflect what, in this case, is below it back to the Earth, if you will. We get a sense of a huge globe with water as its 3D circumference instead of, say, glass as in an aquarium. The reflected stars in the heavens, therefore, may seem as twice or more as many, and they may seem, therefore, farther away, giving an extended dimension. Optical science would agree with this understanding of the waters above the raqia.

Gen. 1:8 God called the expanse heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.

In the second day, God made the raqia to make a place to put the heavenly bodies from planets to stars. By removing part of the water on Earth, He made a place to plant the flora and place the air breathers. He did this in the evening and the morning of the second day. Used in this context, I must reiterate, God did all raqia things in our twenty-four hour period.

Amen,

Gil Kovacs