The Impact of the Resurrection
Almost Shakespearean in form, Paul compares the man who brought death to humans on earth with another human who by his life, death and resurrection brought the dead back to life.
1Cor. 15:21 For since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead.
The man who brought death, of course, was Adam, and the man who brought life, of course, was Jesus Christ. The early Christians had no problem with the fact that Jesus was a man, a human being like all other humans on planet Earth. However, within less then three hundred years, the converted Romans saw Jesus as a god made man, or God the Son. Thus, before we can consider the importance of the resurrection, we must examine what the Bible clearly says: the man Jesus, begotten not made and born not incarnated.
How Did Man Come into Existence
God created all matter and energy, and when God completed all the permutations of creation on earth to have human life, He used what He created in the beginning to create man in His image.
Gen. 1:27 God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.
The Bible uses the same word bara, which we translate created, as in the first verse of the Bible.
125 bara [135b]; a prim. root; to shape, create:
Now since the Bible uses bara as in Gen 1:1, we get a sense of singularity with the sense of being formed as well the following verse says.
Gen. 2:7 Then the LORD God formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.
By way of explanation, the above verse explains how man was bara, created. Later, Job notes the breath of life given man in the following verses:
Job 33:4 The Spirit of God has made me, And the breath of the Almighty gives me life.
God completed His creation in those six days. There was nothing else to create because He completed His work. Solomon says there is nothing new under the sun. All is complete. Why is this significant? When God begot Jesus, He used the materials He already created because He completed His work. Jesus was a product of exactly the same material as we are. He was not a new creation or a new creature.
About the new creation in Galatians 6:15, NIDNTT (New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology) says:
Paul, in Gal. 6:15, designates Gods saving act in the cross of Christ as a new creation (kaine ktisis; cf. v. 14), and sets it in opposition to the legalistic way of salvation advocated by those who said that God must be honoured by fulfilling his law which meant that circumcision was obligatory for all male believers.
Gen. 2:1 Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts.
Completed: 3615. kalah [477b]; a prim. root; to be complete, at an end, finished, accomplished, or spent:
What Is a Man?
God made man from the earth or clay. He is entirely physical in his form and material. Until God performed mouth to mouth, man was inert, but, at that point man became a living being. What is the breath of life that God breathed into Adam?
The breath is what makes humans alive. When a person stops breathing, cells, which need oxygen to live, begin to die, and after some minutes, the brain dies, unless a person goes into some kind of suspended animation. Not only does breathing bring life into every cell, breathing out also allows a person to form words and language, which all humans have. Two elements make a person human: one, he is made from materials found on planet earth, and two, he breathes from the breath found in the atmosphere, which God gives him.
Job notes there is a spirit in man, which gives him understanding. Spirit is ruach, which means: 7307. ruach [924c]; from an unused word; breath, wind, spirit:
This spirit in man is that power of language emanating from the breath. What makes man different from the breathing animals is cognitive language. While animals can make sounds which have some meaning, they cannot communicate in language the way people do.
God gave adam, man, the brain power with the ability to learn and think to use language dependent upon ruach and neshamah.
Prov. 2:6 For the LORD gives wisdom;
From His mouth come knowledge and understanding.
From Gods mouth to our ears (or written words to brain) comes intelligent thinking. All the abilities reside in both the physical material of mans brain and the breath from Gods mouth.
All mans characteristics come from his parents through the sperm and egg conception. When the time is right, the fertilized egg, having grown for some nine months, emerges as a person is born, begotten of his parents.
Except for Adam whom God formed Himself, parents beget their children by conception who when born receive the breath of life.
Breath: 5397 neshamah [675c]; from 5395; breath:
7307. ruach [924c]; from an unused word; breath, wind, spirit:
120. adam [9a]; from an unused word; man, mankind:
119. adom [10a]; from an unused word; to be red:
127.adamah [9c]; from the same as 120; ground, land:
444. anthropos; prob. from 435 and (eye); a man:
435. aner; a prim. word; a man:
Is the spirit in man a part of his being or is it the ruach of language? Is the Holy Spirit in man part of the completed language of God, Old and New Testaments, or is it a hidden part of mans being?
In any case, all humans are composed of and from the mate-rial of Adam with the added spirit in man and for some the Holy Spirit. The point is if Jesus Christ were the second Adam, he had to be exactly alike all other humans made of Adamic material with the added spirit and Holy Spirit. Jesus had to be conceived in the same manner of sperm entering the egg cell and later becoming born. The Bible calls this process begetting, by definition come into existence. All humans come into existence by this begetting process; so Jesus Christ as well. The only exception was that Jesus sperm was not from Joseph but from Our Father in Heaven. How God formed Jesus sperm is open to conjecture for the Bible does not explain. It could have been set aside from Adams, or it could have come from existing matter, for the creation was complete, formed into the sperm by the Word and Holy Spirit from heaven because Gods Word remains eternally in heaven.
Psa. 119:89 Forever, O LORD, Your word is settled in heaven.
If Jesus had a prior existence as a Word-Being or the like, he was unlike any other human, who have no prior existence aside from the genes and chromosomes inherited ultimately from Adam. If Jesus had a prior existence, the Bible could not call him the second man because he did not ultimately originate from the man Adam. If Jesus existed from the be-ginning before the creation as the Word-Being, he was entirely separate from the creation; then his incarnation resulted in an additional creation apart from the finished one. You see the fallacy here: the creation was completed (as noted above), but that had to be untrue because Jesus incarnation makes that creation incomplete because he comes from outside the original creation. Nevertheless, the Bible stands in place. Jesus was human made from the original creation.
Furthermore, Jesus, not being human because of his prior existence, or fully human in his earthly existence, could not have been begotten since he already existed. Additionally, he is not human in terms of prior existence, which no humans have, and having an entity within, which no humans have. It is illogically to say that because a Word-Being was begotten human, he came into existence as a human. Now either this Word-Being changed into a human and became incarnate, or he seemed to be human in form only. How does a spirit being become human? The flesh comes first, then the spirit.
1Cor. 15:46 However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural; then the spiritual.
Either Jesus was human with no prior existence or he was changed from a god to a human in a faux birth. If the latter, he could not be a man from heaven where Our Father in Heaven spoke the words by the power of the ruach to make Mary pregnant. If a god made human, he could not really die, only the body he used. He could not breathe out his (the real Word-Being) last breath because breath had nothing to do with his real existence. Then God could not resurrect him, for he, the Word-Being he really was, never died, just the body he used.
Those who would have Jesus an incarnation of a Word-Being must perforce take away resurrection of Jesus and us. You see, that would be Satans plan: it would never want God to save believers by Jesus death and resurrection. Be-sides, the demon, as noted in another magazine issue, teaches one cannot die. Thereby, the incarnation of Jesus from a Word-Being meets Satans criteria: never born, never die.
The next section defines man from NIDNTT:
The basic concept behind the Gk. word anthropos is that of generic man (as opposed to gods or animals), the human race, mankind (cf. the derived word, anthropology, the theory or science of man)
anthropos, within the genus man, also refers some specifically to men, occasionally also to attendants or slaves, as distinct from their Lord (kyrios). When anthropos refers to a particular man, its meaning impinges on that of the word aner, denoting a man as opposed to a woman, whether he be husband, bridegroom, warrior, hero (similarly arsen, male).
God warned Adam, and Eve, that eating of the fruit of the knowledge of the tree of good and evil would produce death, an end to life and existence. They choose to be deceived by the serpent, and therefore, chose death. They are gone: the breath of life escaped their lips and the body returned to dust or clay. They are not in heaven, hell or purgatory. They are dead, gone. They exist only in peoples minds because Our Father in Heaven included them in His Word.
4191. muth [559b]; a prim. root; to die:
1Cor. 15:22 For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive.
The Wages of Sin
What is sin? The Bible says sin is breaking the law. The law can be summed up into two commandments: love God and love your neighbor. Further summing up the law is the Ten Commandments. The first five books of the Bible delineate the law.
1John 3:4 ¶ Everyone who practices sin also practices lawlessness; and sin is lawlessness.
While God tells people to choose life by not sinning, only one man choose life and righteousness all his life, the man Jesus. Everyone else choose to sin at least once in their lives. All choose death because God said all who sin and all have sinned (except Jesus, of course) must die, cease to exist, have no breath of life which can keep a person alive.
From Adam and Eve through Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Isaiah, and everyone else, all died or will. This is a catastrophic situation. God created the world in six days and breathed into the human He formed from the clay of the earth for what? Adam sinned and so did all his progeny. They all died after a brief stay on the planet. What was the point?
God created a planet teeming with life, but all the life dies reproduces, but dies.
Rom. 6:23 For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
James 1:15 Then when lust has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is accomplished, it brings forth death.
For about four thousand years after God formed Adam (man) from the earth He created earlier, mankind went into abject disobedience to grudging obedience after a flood and an Abraham. God had a plan from the beginning. Little by little, He revealed His plan to those who chose to honor Him and show Him loyalty. Noah was such a man; so were Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, Joshua, David, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Micah, and others. Especially with Moses God made a covenant with people. If they showed Him loyalty, He would shower them with blessings and a long life. Still they all died.
Finally, when the time was right, God begot Himself and for humans this son He had planned for in the beginning. There was no way around the fact: sin causes death and all sin. However, Gods plan was filled with justice and mercy. Yes, all would die for their sins, but His Son could do something about the death penalty.
The man Jesus lived by Gods Word perfectly and never sinned the only human to do so. After Jesus finished his ministry, manifested that he was the man who would be the instrument of Gods salvation, he was murdered on the cross. However, Jesus never sinned and should not have died. Of his own volition because of his love of God and his love for his fellow human beings, he took the death penalty of all sinners who lived or would ever live. Gods justice was fulfilled: this man, who should have never died, paid the death penalty. By a man came sin and death and by a man came life. Only a man without a hidden past as a pre-existent being could pay the death penalty for human sins. The key to Jesus sacrifice was that he came into existences like all other humans, for if he were not like all other humans in every way, he could not pay a death penalty for peoples sins. If he pre-existed as a god of the Trinity, as any godhead, or as a Word-Being and became an incarnated human with a past, he could save no one. By a man came death and by a man came life.
While religions and most people believe a person does not really die, just the body, God says the consequence of sin is death, death to the person. And, that death came to Jesus for others sins, not his. Since he never sinned, death could only hold him for three days and nights. At that point, late on the Sabbath, just before sunset, God raised him from the dead. Life and breath returned to the man Jesus. God gave His Son, eternal life and the possibility of eternal life to all who believed in Jesus and chose to behave righteously.
When it seemed that Satan won and deaths demands were met through sin suddenly changed the whole world. Yes, people would die, but when Jesus returns, believers who seemed dead would be resurrected to eternal life.
God formed man from the earth He created and breathed into him the breath of life. Then, God said choose loyalty or disloyalty, life or death. This first man chose disloyalty and death. However, later the son of man chose loyalty and life, and thereby, brought all faithful followers along with him to eternal life.