At this point in the creation, on the fourth day, God created the lights - sun, moon and stars - in the raqia of the heavens.
Now, how is that possible? We asked a question because almost no one knows that the sun, moon and stars were created finally on the fourth day, and others say that the Earth was so filled with fog and mist that the sun, moon, planets and stars could not be seen until the fourth day. However, God commanded the sun, moon, planets and stars into existence on the fourth day; the reason they could not be seen was they did not yet exist.
Scientists, on the other hand, assume the Earth was formed billions of years after the stars began their existence in the Big Bang which says the whole universe first existed as a minuscule lump of matter and energy. Then some force, according to some mystical religions, like the Kabbalah, Gods breath forced this kind of black hole outward. This began the outward expansion of the universe, over billions of years with unnumbered explosions and violent contractions, leading to the Earths formation. Scientists mostly agree with this description, except they say they do not know what caused the outward expansion of the universe.
As far as the Earths formation is concerned, scientists assume, that it is made up of bits and pieces from the far-flung universe or maybe from some star or planet closer by. They say something like the myth of Venus coming from the head of Jupiter that the Earth was formed from the stuff of, what we call, space, perhaps from a part of a star (or the head the planet Jupiter). We might as well use a myth of the Earths creation because scientists do not really know.
The Bible has a different point of view. God says that he created the sun, moon and stars on the fourth day, i.e., during the fourth 24 hour period a day, not billions and billions of years ago.
Many sincere people try to reconcile the Bible with what science says is real. After all, some just assume that the creation is another myth, because there was no science back then to explain how things really are. As far as the creation is concerned, people have to choose what to believe. Either one believes God spoke His Words with power and the world began, or one believes the observations of science, which incidentally are constantly changing due to invention, discoveries or new ways of observing the world.
Some people accept science, and consider the Bible, a fake or a fable. Some people try to reconcile the words of God with that of science. And others walk by faith, not by sight; they accept Gods Word as the truth and wait either for science to catch up to Gods Word or for science showing its true colors of trying to disprove the Bible in any way possible, even if it means distorting reality.
These lights the sun, moon and stars were created, first of all, as signs for festivals; the Hebrew moed, means festivals like the Sabbath, Passover, Pentecost, etc. The lights as well became the physical means of separating the daylight from the nighttime because previously God just caused the light and darkness to happen without the sun, which had yet to be created at that time, rising and setting.
Gen. 1:14 | Then God said, Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night. They will serve as signs for festivals and for days and years.
By the power of His voice, His ruach, God said (amar), and it was so.
God never said, Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens, before verse 14. The creation of the sun, moon and stars did not take place until the fourth day of creation and not some billions and billions of years or in the beginning where the Big Bang exploded the universe into motion flying through the ether.
Notice the word raqia (expanse); so God put the lights the sun, moon and stars on the layers of the raqia, to separate the day from the night.
Let us examine what the lights in the expanse mean. God had already talked about the expanse on the first day; so the expanse was there. The sun and the moon were not just put there for light and heat. Then God says that the purpose of the light in the raqia were there for signs and for festivals. So God created the lights in the heavens so we would know when to keep the Sabbath and the Holy Days. When the sun sets in the evening on the sixth day, we know the Sabbath has begun. We see the sign. We do not need a watch or a clock. However, when it is cloudy, the sky still darkens God gives us a lee-way, the Sabbath does not begin or end at a precise millisecond -- and we can tell when the Sabbath has begun. Nonethe-less, the setting sun is the sign that God put in the heavens and the various phases of the moon are a sign of the Feast Days or Festivals.
Furthermore, the verse talks about days, which, during festival periods, have a number of days. For example, Passover is 15 days from the new moon and is seven days in length; we count 50 days to Pentecost; the Day of Atonement, of course, is only one day a good thing; Tabernacles has seven days. Additionally, there are yearly (for years) Festivals, the seventh year in which the land must rest and a Pentecostal 50-year time of rest for a year. There will also be a thousand year millennia rest at the end of 6000 years after the creation.
The heavens, you see, are talking to us about Gods Holy Days and Festivals. Of course, the heavens are not speaking a verbal language, in a sense, but a body language or, even better, the language of the stars and the heavens, which some have called celestial music.
Psa. 69:34 Let heaven and earth praise Him,
The seas and everything that moves in them.
The Sabbath and the Festivals are so important to God, and us, that God made signs in the heavens on the fourth day of creation and gave the people who kept these signs and festivals many blessings as shown in the following verses.
Ex. 34:24 For I will drive out nations before you and enlarge your borders, and no man shall covet your land when you go up three times a year to appear before the LORD your God.
Ezra 6:22 And they observed the Feast of Unleavened Bread seven days with joy, for the LORD had caused them to rejoice, and had turned the heart of the king of Assyria toward them to encourage them in the work of the house of God, the God of Israel.
Immediately after completing His creation, God used the signs in the heavens to create the seventh day rest by resting himself. Incidentally, the Hebrew word for rest and seventh come from the same root sound. Thus, in Hebrew resting on the seventh day is sabbatical. Not only did God provide the signs for people to use in order to keep His Holy Days, He also blessed and sanctified the day and those who would make the seventh day Sabbath their Holy Day as well.
Genesis 2:2 explains:
Gen. 2:2 By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.
After six days God completed his work. He created all the matter, power and energy everything in the universe. He added nothing or subtracted anything after he completed the creation on the sixth day. While this is entirely different subject, all the supposed miracles were embedded in the creation sometime during the six days.
Gen. 2:3 Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.
How did God bless and sanctified the seventh day? He did so, by resting from all his work. By our resting from our work on the seventh day, the Sabbath, we participate in the Sabbath rest and thereby receive blessings and sanctifications. If we can count and watch the sunsets, we can know the when of the Sabbath and also know how important Gods Holy Days are that he would build them into the very structure of the solar system. The fourth day of creation is quite powerful and important.
The suns giving us heat and light leads in to life and, by resting on the seventh day each week, will also give one the opportunity to participate in the blessing of life and life more abundantly, that is, eternal life.
God also explains that while the earth continues to exist, the sun, and moon, would continue to give earthlings day and night until the end time, just before Jesus will return to rule on the earth.
Gen. 8:22 While the earth remains, Seedtime and harvest,
And cold and heat, And summer and winter, And day and night
Shall not cease.
The Psalmist wonders why God even considers man when He considers the raqia of the heavens, which at the same time were created just for these men (and women and children). Are the heavens a greater creation than mans? Or are they seemly more magnificent?
Psa. 8:3 When I consider Your heavens, the work of Your fingers,
The moon and the stars, which You have ordained;
Psa. 8:4 What is man that You take thought of him,
And the son of man that You care for him?
The awesomeness of this creation, the raqia, the heavens, the earth and men is most amazing. Looking at the night sky, the day sky, the sun, the heat the sun gives, the life promoted and sustained by the sun that God ordained and the evaporation of water from the suns heat that gives us the vital rain we need for life. The sun is essential to us both for its life promoting properties and our relation with God, which is first and foremost.
No wonder Abraham believed God, when God said look at the heavens: its glory even without telescopes leaves a person in awe with his mouth agape. Indeed, the raqia, that amazing overlay, that contain the galaxies and constellation, speak of Gods hand made creation. The stars mutely sing of Gods grandeur every day during the night. When Abraham looked up at the heavens, he learned of Gods magnificence and love. The heavens spoke to Abraham, even as they speak to us if we are willing to listen to their silent, eloquent melody.
Then God compared Abrahams progeny to the vast number of stars in the raqia. Without a word, the stars in the heavens speak of God and mutely tell of his prophecies. Their silence in the night sky, gives us vast information about the Creator. The heavens give God glory and put many to shame for their lack of giving God the glory He deserves.
Without a word, the heavens speak eloquently of Gods message of love and life more abundantly. In these heavens, God gave the sun a home par excellence and likens the sun to a bridegroom leaving his room to rise each morning and race across the heavens to the other end. I guess God did not know the real place of the sun, which He created.
Psa. 19:1 The heavens are telling of the glory of God; And their expanse is declaring the work of His hands.
Certainly Gods glory is reflected in His creation of the heavens.
Each day that the sun comes up it speaks a flood of wisdom, which lights up the world physically and enlightens believers spiritually to Gods love and greatness. We see everything that God created in the world. Previously, he created the vegetation and afterward he created the sun, the moon, and the stars in the raqia. We need to read Gods Word and perceived his creation, because one complements the other; therefore, we need both. He gave us the knowledge of the stars and the heavenly bodies before he gave us the knowledge of His Word in its written form. Of course, his Word was in the beginning as John one says.
Psa. 19:2 Day to day pours forth speech,
And night to night reveals knowledge.
Psa. 19:3 There is no speech, nor are there words;
Their voice is not heard.
Unlike his written Word that only a few have read with under-standing and faith, the message of the heavens reaches out to all people everywhere on earth from all times past until all times future.
Psa. 19:4 Yet their message has gone throughout the earth,
and their words to all the world.
God has made a home in the heavens for the sun. NLT-SE
This is what the creation means that Gods message goes out to the whole world. When we see the sun in the sky, its home, we can see the result of Gods creation.
Psa. 19:5 Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber; It rejoices as a strong man to run his course.
The psalmist waxes poetically and refers to the sun as a bride-groom and a strong man personifying the sun to give insight into the suns Creator. We can relate this verse to the Church waiting for the shining bridegroom at the end time and to Jesus life as a strong man, adopted of God, running his course of Gods redemption for us through him. The sun enhances Gods Word visually to bolster the sound of Gods voice recorded for us through out the ages by the great men and prophets.
Psa. 19:6 The sun rises at one end of the heavens
and follows its course to the other end.
Nothing can hide from its heat. NLT-SE
Once again, God inspires the Psalmist to explain the moons place in giving a sign of the seasons. And, again He tells us that the sun knows where it should set.
Psa. 104:19 He made the moon for the seasons;
The sun knows the place of its setting.
This and dozens of other verses tell us that the sun knows more about its place in the heavens then we have been told by others.
God definitely knows the names of all the stars He created and has yet to lose a single one.
Is. 40:26 Lift up your eyes on high
And see who has created these stars,
The One who leads forth their host by number,
He calls them all by name;
Because of the greatness of His might and the strength of His power, Not one of them is missing.
God takes care of all of the solar and celestial bodies.
The Big Bang and Kabbalah mysticism tell us that the sun was formed before the earth. Yet, the Bible says the creation of the sun, moon and stars happened on the fourth day after God formed the earth and filled it with nascent vegetation.
Gen. 1:19 There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.
We have here an amazing picture visually and in Gods Word about the creation. He created the sun, moon and all the celestial bodies on the fourth day. We should believe what God says, not what people tell us. On the fourth day, on that day, did He not create all that is in the heavens for us to see, for it speaks to us when we go outside and raise our eyes to the whole glory of Gods creation, which gives God, in turn, glory. What a blessing it is to observe the how of Gods creation, made to give us life and life more abundantly.
Gil Kovacs, Pastor